Muscles of the Face
From Surgical Artistry Academy Lessons

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Aesthetician Muscles of the Face

face muscles



Frontalis Muscle

Contraction of the entire frontalis draws the eyebrows and skin of the forehead upwards and forms horizontal wrinkles running across the forehead. It is composed of inner (medial) and outer (lateral) parts, which can function relatively independently. 

Insertion/origin:  Eyebrows and Galea Aponeurotica

The Procerus - not labeled picture above but is shown below with the big arrow (also known as the depressor glabellae or pyramidalis nasi) muscle originates in the fascia of the nasal bone and upper nasal cartilage, runs through the area of the root of the nose, and fans upward to insert in the skin in the center of the forehead between the eyebrows. It acts to pull the skin of the center of the forehead down, forming transverse wrinkles in the glabella region and bridge of the nose. This horizontal wrinkle at the root of the nose is sometimes referred to as the "champion pucker" because this muscle often contracts in effortful activities. It usually acts together with corrugator and/or orbicularis oculi and/or the nasal part of levator labii superioris. It is very difficult to contract deliberately without involving these other muscles.

The Procerus muscle causes frowning, as in wrinkling of the brow on the face.

The appearance of a frown varies from culture to culture. Although most technical definitions define it as a wrinkling of the brow, in the USA it is primarily thought of as an expression of the mouth.

Procerus is innervated by the temporal, lower zygomatic, and buccal branches of the facial nerve (VII) and is supplied with blood by the facial artery.

face muscles side view


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Calvin Lee, Surgical Artistry, Inc. Muscles of the Face.  Other Modesto Blog type web pages.  August 27, 2007, All Rights Reserved.  Modesto, CA

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